note by Prof. John Hendricks
Dean : Faculty of African and Democracy of the University
of Fort Hare
The University of Fort Hare have Z.K. Matthews
memorial lectures annually to pay respect to this particular individual,
this calls upon students to awaken to their responsibility of nation
building. On the 28th November 2003 the University had the 3rd annual
The importance of African nationalism is one of
the most important issue that we have to look into today, since
the 1940s when we begin to access the history of Fort Hare University
we note that 60% of the SADC presidency are graduates of the Fort
Hare University and they continue to send students from their countries
to this institution through the government funding.
We also need to look into the 1949 speech of Robert
Sobukwe to the nursing students at Victoria Hospital. He encouraged
us to go and read that speech. A question that we need to ask ourselves
today is that do we have the same level of intellectual prowess
as the past generation. In the 1940s graduates in the Honours roll
were: Robert Sobukwe, Thabo Mbeki, Nelson Mandela. International
graduates were: Robert Mugabe and others.
He also emphasized on a non-racial ethos and ideas
on colonialism, that we are emasculated by academics that were pro-apartheid
and that is a challenge.
We need to reinvent the quality of education in
our country for it to be responsive to the needs of the market and
The 1994 elections were expected to upheard the
apartheid regime and that the South African model on democracy is
a popular worldwide, that as South Africa we were able to change
that layers of democracy e.g. racism and ethnicity. The challenge
that we are now faced wit his how do we identify the symptoms of
social democracy and find answers for them.
There seems to be inability of some SADC countries
to deal with conflict e.g. Congo and South Africa can assist with
that wit the experience that we have in dealing with conflict
The Mo Shaik and Bulelani Ngcuka saga leads to
open debates and also points towards democracy and transparency.
Democracy means access to the benefits of Democracy, by having access
to productive democracy, by citizens having access to basic needs
like water, food, shelter and education.
Universities were established they were seen as repositions of knowledge,
and today the industry that is supposed to be employing this graduates
is saying that our curriculum is not responsive of the needs of
the market and that it lack social context.
Funding of institutions is still a problem as the
funding of the HWIs and to the HBIs needs to be reviewed and to
ensure that HBIs receive more funding.
South Africa needs community interventions to ensure
proper skills development.
We have brain drain: When the population who have
the intellectual skills but do not have access to funding for their
We also need to develop our Human capital as a
Address delivered by Acting President cde Bandile Masuku.
Acting President in his opening address indicated that as SASCO
we must be able to play a meaningful role in communities, and that
as the SASCO National Congress we are expected to put forward measures
that will take us into the 2nd decade of SASCO.
He also indicated that we also needed to review
the 10 past years of democracy, and make a constructive analysis
of the HE transformation
The Acting President emphasized the need to prepare
for the 2012 ANC celebration as an Organization and our role in
delivering the student vote to the ANC.
An emphasis was made that in the process of mergers
SASCO has an obligation top safeguard the quality of our curriculum
and make sure that our qualifications are not compromised.
As we are in the 16 days of activism we need to
reflect on social issues i.e. HIV/AIDS women and children abuse.
As we reflect on the organization in twilight zone:
the past Bellville make this right.
We also need to critically discuss the state of
the PYA and the Alliance and how we as the young intellectuals can
intervene and make a meaningful contribution. We also need to play
a meaning role in the advancement of the National Democratic Revolution.
The Acting President in closing pronounced the
stance of the NEC on the ongoing saga at the Hefer Commission. He
informed congress that the NEC supports the Deputy President of
our country Cde Jacob Zuma.
fraternal organizations delivered their messages of support to the
11th National Congress of SASCO:
- COSAS – read to congress by Mthetheleli
Mfana, as attached.
- SUCA - read to congress by the Deputy President
- YCL - read to congress by Molefe.
- ANCYL - presented to congress by G Godwa.
- Laboremus - presented to congress by Frederick.
- AZASCO - read to congress by Gugu Mashiteng,
THE CHAIR: Cde Mothupi Modiba
IN EDUCATION – TEN YEAR REVIEW, AND PRIORITIES FOR THE NEXT
DECADE OF DEMOCRACY/FREEDOM”
- Cde Thami Mseleku (Director General: Ministry of Education)
- Prof. Salleem Badat, (Chief Executive Officer: Council of Higher
- Comrade Gugu Mashiteng: (Chairperson of SASCO KZN)
we need to understand the agenda of our agenda to review if we have
made inroads or not. Education was one of the priorities that we set
to ensure a better life for all
- Government concludes that they have advanced in our transformation
programme I all spheres for the better
- If the government continues to perform the way it does now this
will take us back in 20 years
- Government has made more advances were it was working alone
than with partners
concludes that they have advanced in our transformation programme
I all spheres for the better:
- Access to higher education
- NSFAS has allowed more students to access higher education
- SA has reached the millennium goal of ensuring that all SA have
- Social services is very high
been more acceleration were government was working alone
- The level of Social grants has increased
- Government creates an enabler for people to accelerate transformation
- Institutional forums are very transformative there are very
institutional forums that are advancing the transformation forums,
- Councils are supposed to be democratic and for all take holders
to participate in them and most of them are not advancing the
transformation agenda. These councils and institutional forums
that were created by government to accelerate the transformation
agenda in our institutions of higher learning.
- The main obstacle to transformation is the body that was
created by the government to advance education transformation.
- NSFAS is not distributed evenly and this makes it difficult
for students from disadvantaged backgrounds to access education.
need to make changes to GEAR and also ask ourselves why do not our
partnerships not working
- Priorities most young people are not in institutions of higher
education and are unemployed: Focus on Youth
- Total revamp of strategy in regarding governance and management,
comrades need to be in all the management bodies
- Cost of education is rising and this will exclude most students
for disadvantaged communities, school fees and financial exclusions
are used as
to the agenda for the next decade
- Ensuring that all institutions are transformed.
- Ensure that all institutions are transformed in their totality.
must lead in all institutions of higher learning all of us have
a responsibility to build a strong SASCO, we need to get all students
to be members of SASCO and to get all the young people to vote for
the ANC in the year 2004. The slogan of COSAS “Each one teach
one”, needs to find meaning in us as we are building the organization.
“Each one teach one” is a call for all of us to advance
the transformation agenda.
to reflect the role that SASCO needs to play in the transformation
of higher education.
What have we inherited in this country and what must be that context
of the decade:
- All our institutions were implicated in the emancipation of
blacks, the question now becomes how do we transform them.
- Learning and teaching were designed that white must be privilege
and we should do we turn the remains of apartheid and ensure that
our transformation agenda is achieved
- Globalization: system in which a few powerful countries want
us to look them
priorities for education for the next decade
- We need to ensure that black students and women are well represented in the natural sciences and technology
courses and that they register post graduate degrees.
- How do we ensure that we have representation of black students
from working class get access to higher education?
- Quality of higher education in our institutions,
we need to we make sure that black students graduate from institution
of higher learning, since we have a high drop out rate from
- Responsiveness of our education systems,
we need to have institutions that produce knowledge that is
needed by our society a responsive to its needs. This knowledge
must contribute to the transformation of our society.
- Transformation of higher education, there
are constraints of access
- Policy, in Spanish the word policy is the
same as politics; SASCO must play a crucial role in the policy
making. Change and transformation comes with hard work especially
in the policy work.
to have a strategies on how are we going to transform the so –
called HWIs (Historically White Institutions).
Gugu Mashiteng: Chairperson of KZN
|As a student
movement we recognize that there have been a breakthrough in the education
sector and that the government has moved miles and that it is true
that the gains made by government.
Gains in General education:
- Learner teacher ratio increase
- Democratization of education
- Democratization of higher education
- Establishment of governance bodies in our institutions
- Increased funding to students who are less disadvantaged
that we need to address and challenges for the next decade:
- Institutional governance – are the structures serving
the purpose that they were supposed to serve? Do government
and students monitor our institutional governances? Are they
accountable to the relevant stakeholders?
- Curriculum development, the employability of our students,
is the government or the curriculum.
- Capacity amongst ourselves, are our SRCs serving their purpose,
we need to understand and to deepen our role as a students organization
- Primary education, SASCO made a call for a free education
for all, we need to assess how committed are we to realize that
- Increase in funding is it sustainable?
- We have a role in sustaining our institutions in sustaining
them financially; do we have the capacity to merge our institutions?
Has infrastructure and human resource in our institutions improved
- We need to assess our relationship with the ANC especially
our CC approach; we need to carefully ask ourselves if we are
not compromising when it comes to students’ issues, are
we asking the necessary strides?
- Responsiveness, we have not been able to use the resources
that we have effectively
- Given the four pillars of SASCO matched against the review
of the governance it is important we need to assess as to what
extend has government been able to reach its objectives
- Our curriculum needs to be responsive and competitive to the
global world and needs, can we really send our students to go
and work anywhere in the world.
summary of the Political Report
Acting President, Bandiile Masuku presented the Political report of
behalf of the National Executive Committee to congress.
welcome all delegates, branches, provinces and fraternal organization
present both national and international
- Students have higher expectations from this congress
- Commentators have already written off the congress as a battle
for leadership positions at the expense of critical issues characterizing
- Report reemphasized the importance of constructive debates,
self-reliance and self-criticism.
- Our country is faced with the celebrations of the 1st decade
- This congress follows in the footsteps of the ANC, SACP and
COSATU who in the recent few months held their congresses
- Congress must discuss the state of the nation, balance of
forces both national and international as well as the ten-year
review of the student movement (SASCO).
- In 1989 all black organizations were unbanned
- The struggle for freedom was ground swelling in the entire
- This also resulted in the release of cde Nelson Mandela
- The collapse of the soviet union shifted the balance of forces
in favour of the capitalist imperialists
- Globalization is spreading its wings at a faster pace to advance
technology, privatization and free market
- The US continue to undermine the UN by invading the sovereignty
of other nations i.e. war in Afghanistan and Iraq
- SASCO will continue to pledge solidarity and close working
relations in other international organizations for the advocacy
of peace and freedom
- UN remains toothless hence it can not implement its resolutions
- Formation of the AU heralded a new beginning for the African
- This was cemented by the adoption of the development policy
in the name of NEPAD
- SASCO welcome the stepping down of Charles Taylor in Liberia
- SASCO support peace in Liberia
- We commend the ANC Women‘s league for its stance on
the Amina Lawal case.
- SASCO does not takes sides in Zimbabwe but support peace and
that the people of this country must work together for the good
of the country
- The abuse of student leaders, human rights is an issue of
great concern in Zimbabwe
- King Mswati in Swaziland continues to be a small god on a
despotic spree of dictatorship
- SASCO hopes that peace initiatives in DRC, Rwanda and Burundi
will continue to flourish
- The April 1994 usher in a new era and epoch in the lives of
the masses of our people
- The NDR remains the objective to create a non-racial, non
sexist, united, prosperous and democratic South Africa
- There are still contradictions that the NDR seeks to resolve,
these are the national, class and gender
- The character of the NDR is under serious scrutiny especially
on what constitutes the motives forces of the NDR, whether the
patriotic bourgeoisie are the motive forces of the NDR
- The democratic government managed to succeed in both the previous
national and provincial elections
- Progress has been made in increased budget allocation on social
spending such as health and education
- The economy has stabilize hence the rand is performing very
- Unfortunately its strength bring about a jobless growth
- BEE is not sufficient to empower all
- This is a very heated debate in the Tripartite alliance
- There is an emergence of social movements who want to usurp
the role of the congress movement
- SASCO believes that our country should follow its own model
of economy which best address the needs of our country
- Transformation of education has resulted in a minimum progress
despite the creation of NCHE, legislation of the Higher Education
ACT of 1997, National plan on higher education and of late mergers
- SASCO believes that some of the mergers will yield positive
results, equity and redress
- NSFAS contributed a lot in granting access to the majority
of disadvantaged students to access higher education
- Despite the success, a lot of issues need to be addressed
in making NSFAS a viable tool for transformation
- There is a need to build a strong COSAS for a strong SASCO
- Our country’s youth are faced with a lot of challenges,
HIV and Aids, poverty, unemployment and lack of skills
- Youth Commission and S.AY.C were formed by the government
to advocate for policy development in youth
- There are those who are sowing divisions among SASCO and YL
members to advance their selfish interests
- We need to expose them for the good of our organization
- SASCO welcomes the re-launching of the YCL
- There is a need for political education and consciousness
to acclimatize the youth with the history and politics of our
- Our organization is at its weakest ebb
- What happened in Bellville should never happen again
- SASCO must unite all students and youths
- We must build SASCO towards 2011
Noting that our curriculum is not responsive to the needs of the country
- We have a role to play were we will influence the curriculum
of our institutions and ensure that it is responsive of the
needs of the country and that of our society
- Noting that there seem to be confusion or a debate on whether
the patriotic bourgeoisie are the motive forces of the NDR
- There has been name labeling such ultra left for those who
hold peculiar views
- In the deracialisation of the economy the motive forces may
- The primary motive force of the NDR is the working class and
the Zimbabwean question
- The organization decided to take
a quite diplomacy stand
- Both the parties are holding
different views both ideologically and political
- SASCO must take a stance guided by our historical alliance
with Zimbabwe both ideologically and politically
- SASCO must be vocal on this issue in terms of providing solution
to the people of Zimbabwe.
challenges facing the youth
- Majority of the youth are apolitical and never tested the might
- Youth Commission could not successfully cover the vacuum to
address the interests of the youth
- HIV/AIDS, unemployment, and poverty still remain prevalent
- SASCO must advocate for curriculum transformation to produce
quality graduates with marketable qualifications not job seekers
- This should be covered in our vision 2011
- NEPAD is a good initiative but with an ambiguous agenda
- It does not cover the interests of the students
- SASCO must advocate for the voice of students and workers within
the characterization of the international balance of the forces
- The report suggest the demise of the Socialist agenda post the
collapse of the Soviet Union
- Departure of Taylor does not guarantee long lasting peace because
warlords are used as low intensity warfare by the capitalist block
- SASCO should continue to pledge support to all those sharing
similar views and aspiration for a socialist agenda
- The report is silent on the role of SASCO in the forthcoming
- Report is also silent on voter registration and ID campaign
- SASCO must mobilize all the youth of this country and the masses
of our people to go and vote correctly and voting correctly only
means re-affirming the ANC into power next year
- SASCO must engage on an offensive voter registration and ID
campaign within campuses
Overall summary of the Organizational Report
The Secretary General, Ngoato Phadime presented the organizational
report of the National Executive Committee to Congress.
- Pg 47- Fee increment, exclusion of student participation on
interim council, what is the way forward in this regard?
- Pg 29- TNW Branch affected by internal problems.. What was the
intervention of SASCO NEC on that problem?
- Pg 9, UNISA crisis in relation to Azasco wining SRC elections,
what was the NECs intervention in this regard
- SAU SRC- what was the mandate given to interim leadership of
- Pg 24, 2.4 most departments fails to submit reports to the secretary,
which are those departments that fails to submit reports to the
- What was the strategy of NEC to address political coherence
- Position of SASCO towards YCL launching on campuses?
- TNG results pending
- VISTA Mamelodi Campus- what happen in relation to Edgewood resolutions
with regard to mass action anticipated?
- Pg 27, Gauteng, the PEC removed Projects and Campaigns Officer
and redeployment of the Education and Transformation Officer and
Gender Officers to their branches what tactics used on that regard?
- Pg 10, Para 1, what is it that the NEC has done with regard
to the fight between cdes which tarnish the image of the organization
- Cabalism in Tshwane, what is it that the NEC is doing?
- Ill discipline on branches and provinces, what is it that the
NEC is doing to eradicate such?
- UNISA saga, what was the case of cde Castro (what has he has
- Pg 49, What is the report from the minister of education up
to so far as the NEC met with him
- Merging of institutions, how will the whole process assist the
- Pg 44, (Meeting with the minister) what was the level of intervention
by the NEC when it relates to merging
- Financial Exclusion especially at Limpopo (Pg 31) it never attended
especially at UNIVEN
- Pg 47, Financial Exclusion, the organization seems to not have
clear approach as to deal with exclusion on higher education system.
- Between the department of Education and SASCO who is well informed
and have interest on the best interest of the students.
- SASCO is turned effective during SRC elections whereas during
the course of the year nothing happens.
- Every year the issue of lack of discipline by cdes is an addressed
and concrete remedy need to be taken.
- State of National Youth Commission is questionable.
- Nationally the Department of Education is not doing any good
to the movement as it continuously behaves like reactionaries
especially on the funding part of it.
- 16 days of activism must be an every day activism as we believe
- Pg 26, the ANC makes it a point that our cadres are still politically
- Right to learn Campaign, the organization seems not ready to
embark on such and as such it deals with the image of the organization.
- The report does not indicate membership statistics.
- The growth and development of SASCO on provinces and branches?
Is the report only encumbers provinces?
- Termination of membership of SASCO the commission must engage
- The NEC must take part on ensuring that women are well equipped
on the organization.
- State of Women
- How have we, as SASCO be able to influence public on issues
pertaining youth in particular.
- Our role as component of the movement
- Discussion around student debts (Monthly interests on NFSA)
- The role of ANC in
- Fundraising on different structures
- Relationship between SASCO, YCL and other structures within
- Since 1996 there is a problem of total membership of SASCO then
it must be discussed on a broader way.
- Institutional statute that is going to exist.
- Transformation and training
- SRC election deployment
- Launching of the YCL on campuses
- Voluntary community service what is our role
- Our role in participation on BEE
- Hefer Commission
- Academic exclusions in higher learning institutions
- Convocants what is their role, etc
National Congress of SASCO unanimously adopted the organizational
On the Organizational Report
- On Relations with the African National Congress
- That our relations with the African National Congress have been
largely based on Resources.
- At a National level, we have just recently engaged the leader
of the movement on fundamental theoretical and Ideological discussions.
- A need to commence our programmatic relations with the ANC towards
- Of immediate for SASCO is to deliver a decisive majority for
- The limitations of the ANC led STOP the WAR campaign that did
no go beyond and address peace maintenance.
- The need for the ANC to assist in the organizational renewal
and development initiative we are currently busy with.
- The support the ANC has given us on the establishment of the
SASCO Parliamentary office.
- That broadening ideological and theoretical discussions between
office bearers of the ANC and SASCO at all tiers can go a long
way in understanding each others programmes and advancing the
- Together with the ANC S-G and the Chief Whip continue with
the process of establishing our Parliamentary office.
On relations with COSATU.
- That we have had resolutions as the Tripartite (COSATU/SASCO/COSAS)
for three years on how programmatically we relate.
- That there is already a one-a-side committee established to
take forward the outcomes of the strategic planning session of
- The office of the Secretary General together with those deployed
by the other two organizations should take the process of implementation
to its logical conclusion.
Relations with the SACP.
- We have had some principle relations with the SACP with nothing
documented to guide our interaction.
- As an organization we have direct interest in the ideological
guidance that the SACP can provide.
- The SACP is the only working class and leader of the advanced
detachment of the working class that can provide necessary ideological
guidance to the student movement.
- Continue with our commitment to build the YCL and strengthen
relations with the SACP.
- Through the Political Education Department, develop political
education syllabi for advanced theoretical and ideological training
of our members.
On the Progressive Youth Alliance and SRC Unions.
- The lack of a common understanding within PYA partners on what
is the strategic direction and purpose of the Progressive Youth
- An unfortunate tendency by members of the PYA not to trust each
other to an extent of thinking that it is revolutionary correct
to connive with our political opponents to achieve narrow personal
interest at the expense of principle relations.
- The serious organizational and political weak state of some
members of the PYA.
- That there was a productive meeting between SASCO and the ANC
YL that looked into the challenges reflected above.
- Particularly the weak state of SASPU, which is supposed to be
voice of students in these challenge moments and a preparatory
school for progressive journalism in our country.
- That as the organization we are not organized in the FET sector,
which is facing serious challenges of Institutional Landscape
- Except attending the National Congress of the Nursing Students,
we have not developed a programme to build capacity.
- Without strong PYA components, there is no way we can achieve
our long term strategic objective of Transformation.
- We must take a conscious decision and programatize our work
in making sure that we rebuild all PYA member organizations.
- To communicate a positive message to all our structure to desist
from concentrating on personal squabbles at the expense of a common
- To work tirelessly in making sure that we guide the process
towards the launch of a single National SRC Union Federation in
- To develop a strategy to have fully functional and capacitated
SASCO branches and ultimately their SRCs.
- To build strong programmatic relations with the South African
Youth Council for the next three years and beyond.
Treasurer General, Nandipha Zonela, presented the Financial reports
for the financial years 2002 and 2003 on behalf of the National
Executive Committee to the 11th National Congress. During the presentation
there were problems raised in relation to the distribution of the
report to delegates.
After the presentation the Secretary General informed Congress
that the Finance Committee had noted some financial transactions
that raised eyebrows and explanations presented to FINCOM were not
satisfactory. Finance Committee has then recommended that there
is a need for a process of a Forensic Audit of the books of congress.
The following were raised,
- The need to improve our financial report.
- An audit was made as to the confiscation of SASCO asset.
- The signature of the AP and TG
- On the assessment, the NEC resolved to allocate the AP and DSG
some always, when and when it arise.
- 05 Oct 2002 pg5.what are fixed asset, what are those.
Congress resolved that there should a forensic
audit and such a report to be presented to the NGC.
Reports from Commissions
the Character and Ideological Orientation of SASCO.
- There are two main
contending ideologies in the world, capitalism and communism.
- The society has been
constituted through class lines, main capitalist or working
- The terrain in which
we are operating is a visible reflection of those ideologies
- Students are a strata (class
in transit) not a class.
- In resolving national, class
and the gender question, the NDR is our approach
- The NDR is a socialist project
that seeks to resolve the above, (national, class and gender
relations) which we subscribe to.
- The working class is the leader
of the NDR.
- Understanding the above we
are using Marxist- Leninist tools of analysis.
- SASCO is the organization of
the working class
- We are a working class
- We are against capitalism,
and through our relations with working class movements in
our communities; we have the role to transform our sector
from the Ivory Towers to centers of peoples education to
respond to social needs.
- SASCO is and will
remain revolutionary Student movement and its ideological
work will be production of revolutionary working class conscious
the Review of the SPOT Document.
- That SPOT is fundamental bases
document that conceptualizes our four pillars, that is Policy
Work, Campus Work, International Work and Community Work.
- The need to disseminate information
in relation to institutional operation plans, memorandum of
understanding and all other policies relating to the merger
processes to students.
- That this merger processes
shifts our focus on the real transformation agenda as its contained
in the higher education plan. As a results inst. like Wits,
UCT are no longer in our transformation agenda.
- The current weak state of the
student union SASU.
- As an organization weve been
very weak in doing community outreach.
- That SPOT its main objective
is to bring unity within the public education system as well
as preserving quality within.
- Through SPOT we need to re-asset
that we are members of the community before we are students.
And the importance of our community outreach program.
- SPOT is a theoretical base
for us to understand the fundamental challenges facing students
on financial and academic exclusions.
- Through the understanding of
spot we hope to make sure that access to higher education.
- Most of our intended objectives
as contained in SPOT can truly be realized through a strong
student worker alliance.
- Recently our solidarity campaign
with Swaziland has weakened.
- The abuse of student rights
in Zimbabwe has reached unacceptable proportions.
- SASCO needs to pronounce its
self on all US imperialist war disguised under the term anti-terrorism.
- Campus work.
- Resolved to monitor all institutional policies
and make sure that they are compatible with transformation agenda.
- we must actively participate in all institutional
structures intended to implement and monitor policies.
- Community work
- Each Province should have at least Three community
outreach programs., areas of focus to be decided by Provinces.
- We need to work on strategies that will complement
local govt. initiatives on public works projects through learnerships.
- Through joint community outreach programs, we
can strengthen the PYA.
- a. Intensify our campaign of establishing a democratic
rule in Swaziland specifically within these provinces, KZN,
- b. To intensify our capacity building programs
with the youth and student movement of Swaziland.
- c. To fast track the process of opening a SASU
office in SA.
- d. We need to strengthen bilateral work with the
already existing organizations (Laboremus, Sweden)
*As a matter of agency we establish policy and
research and Education and Training Units in all Provinces.
- Encourage research work by every member
of SASCO and give the co ordination responsibility to the PEC
and the NEC.
- NEC to distribute all education relate
policies to the provincial policy and research unit.
- Through the office of the political education
we establish a commission that will deal with the theoretical
and ideological to take care of the socio and political conditions
vision and theoretical understanding of the Progressive Youth
- There seems to be general
confusion as to who constitutes the PYA.
- The question on who
is the leader of the PYA is a contentious issue that has proved
to be a determining factor when it comes to the relationship
between the structures of the PYA.
- The issues and the
program of the PYA have been reduced to contesting SRCs.
- The historical basis
for the formation of the PYA was to contract young people
after the democratic dispensation.
- There are PYA structures
that are not as strong as the others in terms of visibility
and profile for example SASPU.
- Comrades seem to be
subscribing to the three Cs: Careerism, Cabalism, Corruption
- Our provincial structures
fail us when it comes to presenting an exemplary relationship
depicting the relations of structures of the PYA.
- Programs of the different
structures of the PYA are run in isolation of each other in
- The different structures
of the PYA, whilst autonomous, are failing to conceptualize
their respective roles in relation to each other.
- PYA contestations have
been reduced to contestations between the ANCYL and SASCO.
- Before we can attempt to answer
the pertinent questions of who should be leading the PYA we
need to take into cognizance the fact that we cannot divorce
the programe of the PYA from that of the ANC and the Tri-partied
- As much as we are autonomous
we must remember that we are brought together by areas of common
interest under the auspices of the ANC and the Freedom Charter.
- The fact that we are members
of our communities before we are students needs to be stressed
and the role of the PYA should be extended beyond the realms
of tertiary institutions.
- An Extensive PYA summit
that will pronounce and debate who constitutes the PYA and
who leads the PYA should take place. The summit should be
inclusive of all structures and should be at a national level.
Organizational Renewal Towards 2011
- The organization is experiencing
problems with the methods that are used in identifying leadership
of organizational structures.
- The focus of branch activities
and therefore of the organization has become on SRC structures
and this is a contributing factor towards weakening the organization.
- Members of the organization
join the organization and receive little or no political education
and service, which leads to a lack of organizational discipline.
- That SASCO is an organization that
has lived for the past 12 years and can continue to live forever
serving the students of our country to look after their rights
and aspirations in Higher Education institutions.
- The capacity of building a stronger
SASCO lies within its membership, which is committed to the
ideals and principles of SASCO.
- Membership recruitment should be done as early as possible
in the year and those members should undergo intensive political
education and this should be the pool of membership from which
the leadership is drawn
- SASCO should revive and strengthen its alliance
with COSAS so as to capture the young students mind as early
as possible (Before they reach tertiary institutions)
- Provincial structures of SASCO should oversee
and supervise programmes on political education for branch membership
- A balance between capacity and continuity should
be struck when identifying leadership for organizational structures
and an assessment method should be identified for those in leadership
- The role played by the convocation of the organization
should be limited to giving political education and guidance
at times when it is needed as well as assisting administratively
and politically. This should be adopted in provinces to help
the provincial structures that do not have any administrative
- The confrontational and contradictory approach
of the organization towards the ANC- led government should be
- The administrative employees of SASCO should
be given sufficient job security and incentives so as to ensure
that they remain with the organization for as long as possible
- The organization should establish a parliamentary
office, which will deal specifically with policy submissions
and parliamentary debates. A national organizer should be appointed
to deal with membership database and all matters that relate
- The electronic media tools should be used in
communicating within SASCO with our members and with the public
as well as the traditional methods of communication. The Publicity
Secretary should develop (a) publicity strategy (ies)
- The pillars of the SPOT document should be reemphasized
and it should be determined whether we are still able to effectively
implement them for building SASCO with special emphasis on community
work which we have not been seen doing
- The political role of SASCO within the MDM structures
should be reemphasized to ensure that SASCO is effectively able
to participate within the countrys political situation in tandem
with the expectations with the MDM
- The status quo should be maintained with the
SG of the organization being full time with the possible inclusion
of the National Organizer
- The matter of extending the requirements for
a branch to exist (to 50 members), the proposal for the extension
of the NEC term of office (to 2 years), the possibility of the
term of the SG only being extended to 2 years should all be
subjected to a Constitutional Review Process, the results of
which will be submitted and interrogated at the upcoming NGC
- The resource capacity of the organization should
be stabilized by acquiring the organization its own administrative
machinery e.g. photocopier, etc as well as by establishing permanent
- Annual Political Education schools lasting for
about a week should be convened yearly for Provincial Political
Commissars who should be trained in such a way that they can
train the Branch Political Commissars. BECs, REC and PECs
should be mandated to draft discussion documents on current
political trends within SASCO and the country at large. These
documents should be discussed in Provincial and National gatherings
- Resolutions and relevant minutes of National
meetings (gatherings) and the resolutions of the previous congress
should form part of the Congress package for purposes of continuity
and accountability The constitution of the
organization should be strictly implemented and a Constitutional
Review Task Team should be set up to coordinate the review process
of the constitution including all the matters that have been
deferred to such a structure
- A vision of SASCO towards 2011 should be established
with specific reference to the areas that have been identified
as weakening the organization and this should be towards developing
branches to become centers of power and the consistent practical
implementation of the principles of SASCO especially non- sexism
- The discussion document submitted by Cde. Buti
Manamela (A Will To Die) and the document submitted by Cde Screamer
Seabi (Organizational Renewal) should be used by the NEC
as a guideline in developing a programme for Organizational
- Gender is the expression
of roles assigned to different sexes
- The gender question
cannot be addressed unless we emancipate women from past imbalances
- The effects of triple
On religion and culture
- Women still suffer from cultural and religious oppression
On quota system:
- The achievements of
democracy in addressing gender inequalities through legislation
- That the oppressor
will not liberate the oppressed
- There is a need for
leaders to have political understanding
On Sexual Harassment
- This issue deals with the principles of individuals
Emancipation of Male and Female
- Both males and females were oppressed according to
On effectiveness of implementation
- That the branches have no knowledge of the policy
- That we have more female comrades
in terms of membership than we have active members with political
- That our focus should not be
on quota but on building the capacity of women
- This oppression is a result of misconception and misguidance
- The women should play the most important role in fighting
We all need to be capacitated as male and female
- We must convert quantity to quality
- Female comrades need to be capacitated politically
- The quota must not be changed.
- The organization must organize classes/workshop that
will deal with this issue by involving cultural and religious
- That male comrade must assist women in freeing them
from the chains of oppression.
- The women must stop playing victim.
- That comrade must report cases and appeal when they
are suppressed to higher structures.
- Comrades must separate personal issues from political
issues [socializing vs socialism.
- Workshops should be facilitated that will capacitate
comrades politically through the office of the political commissar
- Comrades must empower themselves politically through
reading of documents
- The gender policy should be distributed to branches
- The branches should engage on the implementation of
the program guided by the NEC.
- The national executive committee should facilitate
an induction workshop for all gender officers
- Women should be given opportunities to take leadership
- ANC WL
- Young Womens Network
- The commission rejected the idea of a SASCO Womens
Forum as it widens the gap between sexes
Minimal and possible areas of program for
- Building from branches as basic units of the organization.
- Induction program for new women and concurrently run
gender related political classes constituted by both men and
- A National Gender program to be used throughout the
- Volunteer in community projects in gender related
organization e.g. HIV/AIDS, economic development, and academic
- On Rural Women
- Not to be campus comrades
- Have activities centered on illiteracy and business
- Constitute branch sub-committees for community development
- On general elections
- Volunteer our time for the activities of the movement
- Identify achievements and publicize using organizational
- Understand ANC and be up to date on issues
Deployment Strategy and Policy
- That the strategy is a mechanism one can use to achieve a set
- That a strategy should be operational.
- It is also temporary and can be reviewed from time to time to
respond to material conditions.
- That it cannot ensure accountability.
- That the current strategy is only focusing on SRC elections.
- That deployment strategy must be developed into a deployment
- Policy is a continuous process.
- It can ensure accountability, not material driven and emphasize
the guiding principles on how deployees must act.
- That it ensures consistency.
- Guard against manipulation of processes to suite individuals.
- The deployment strategy must be developed into a deployment
- It must exercise a principle of democratic centralism.
- It must pronounce it clearly on the question of leadership in
terms of the following,
- Understand SASCO and its principles.
- Recall clause must be introduced e.g. External deployments if
SRC constitution provides such provision.
- On internal and international we resolved that it is a constitutional
- SASCO is an organization that has its constitution and principles
that every member must uphold.
- Policy is the only solution to stop deviation from the mandate.
- The current strategy or guidelines on SRC elections must also
form part of the policy document.
mergers and Incorporations on Public Higher Education.
the process that we have been able to begin as an organization in
dealing with the challenges of the mergers and incorporations?
- There is a serious concern of Student representation on the
new interim councils.
- There is going to be changes effected on Policies, curriculums,
student governance, fee structure, housing arrangements, student
- In the long term like in any other change, there are people
who are going to loose their jobs as a result of restructuring.
- Standard institutional statute does not serve the interest of
the students governance.
- There are complications with regard to mergers especially as
it regards to the representation of students in the interim councils.
- SASCO was never opposed to the restructuring of higher education
as a form of transformation, but made pronunciations on the manned
in which its processes were carried out.
- Branches of SASCO were never in the position to influence these
processes, due to the manner in which there were driven.
- We have noted general that SASCO structures have not done much
in responding to the challenges posed by these mergers.
- We have also noted that in a case where there will be a merger
of two institutions and incorporation of another, only the merging
parties are to resolve on the fee structure.
- SASCO, particularly at the national level has been able to develop
merger guidelines, but fail to relate such to branches.
- The branches normally deploy comrades with less political capacity
to serve in SRCs and merger and corporation structures.
- In other institutions, there are SASCO led Student merger committees
or structures established.
- Mergers should be carried out in such a way that they benefit
the previously disadvantaged institutions.
- Redress the Apartheid-induced system of the past
- Pipeline students must be given at least two years to complete
their programmes in their previous institutions
- SASCO must facilitate formation of student merger forums.
- SASCO must ensure that the incorporated institutions are also
party the determination of fee structures.
- The NEC should engage the government in ensuring the representation
of students in the interim councils.
- The branches of the merging institutions in collaboration with
the PECs and RECs should conduct merger summit to ensure common
- NEC should revive national student structures such as SAU-SRC
to lobby governmental support over the organizational position
- We therefore resolve that branches should conduct a capacity
- PECs must strengthen the branches politically to equate them
to the challenges posed by the merger process
- SASCO should also build relationships with the MDM structures
in their respective campuses.
- There should also be a continuous interaction of PECs and
branches affected by the merger
- We also resolve that the government must review the language
policy framework to address loopholes that will allow other institutions
to continue using Afrikaans as a medium of instruction.
- We have also resolved that the government must speed up the
establishment of the central administration of admissions.
- We need to clearly define the role of SASCO in various branches
specifically to the merging institutions.
Landscape : Strategy and Tactics for SASCO.
- Lack of policies of the organization in terms of FET landscape
- Lack of student funding for Further Education and Training,
which leads to financial exclusion of the previously disadvantaged
- Low operational budget for SRCs with a lot of expectation in
terms of delivery and students program implementation.
- We fast track the process
- We should access education to all who would like to register
with the FET institution without looking at the Financial ability
of these comrades
- SRCs are voices of students and are expected to deliver in
terms of policies and programs of students
- There is no standard model for student governance
- SRC s constitution are having a lot of improvement that have
to be made
- Engage the department of education on the issue of student funding
for FET students, to ensure that all accesses education.
- We engage with our institutional councils to ensure that the
funding for SRCs is in line with the number of students that
have registered at FET institutions.
the Review of the Student Funding.
- NSFAS National policy is not made available to students as a
result many institutions compile their own framework, which disadvantage
- Institutions were taking back funds to NSFAS wheres other students
were not assisted.
- There is no proper monitoring from NSFAS Board National.
- NSFAS is further changing interest rate monthly even to students
who completed their studies but not yet employed
- Institutions must work as a middle person between NSFAS Board
- NSFAS must be made available for all students who have potential
to succeed as per NSFAS Police
- Standardization in terms of allocation must be reviewed.
- 40% for bursary must be changed to 60%.
- NSFAS must provide letters to confirm that students have qualified
for NSFAS at the beginning of the year to assist them to get registered
and also to access books early January.
- On FETs We resolved that NSFAS must cater FET irrespective
of their level of study, e.g. N1 to N6.
- NSFAS Board National must have clear strategies on monitoring
all institutions on this aspect.
- Poor administration of institutions on NSFAS allocation must
be discouraged on all aspects.
- As SASCO we dont see any necessity for NSFAS to charge an interest
rate to students, which are needy because this qualifies them
to be bad debts before they start employment.
- On Recovery of NSFAS we resolved that as SASCO we must come
with campaigns to encourage students to pay back NSFAS when they
- On Student Debts we resolved that all debts from 10 years
back must be written off.
- We further resolved that the government must increase access
to internship to also assist students to recover their debts.
10. Models of Students Governance.
- The crucial role that should be played in the student governance
sector, particularly SRCs, political, religious, cultural, sports,
academic and Housing Residence/Committees.
- The unfriendliness of some of SRC constitutions.
- There are SRCs that are totally or partially not accountable
to the general student body.
- There are SRCs that are not fighting for students interests
with the dedication expected.
- The model of student governance differs from one campus to another
based on the material conditions of each campus.
- Most often than not, students structures continuously fight
against each other as a result compromise their mandates of taking
students interests forward.
- Within SASCO members, there are apolitical tensions that emanate
between SASCO deployees and the Branch Executive Committees.
- The limited participation of SRC members in democratic structures
of Governance e.g. Councils, Senates, Faculty Councils etc.
- Out of the merger/incorporation process, there are institutions
that are in a long-term going to close down (MEDUNSA and University
of the North).
- Given the congested and demanding responsibilities bestowed
upon SRC members, at times or mostly they do not meet their academic
11. SASCOs Perspective on the Ten-Year Review.
noting that the 10 Year Government Review deals with a whole range
of issues, for purposes of Congress and SASCO Programs, we only focused
on themes most relevant to our constituencies and our operations in
the short term.
commission did its work informed by the following terms of references
- What are the political gains of democracy in education?
- SWOT analysis of the ANC led government in education.
- What are achievements of the ANC led government in education
both in terms of policy formulation, service delivery, etc.
- The progressive legislative framework created by government
intended to deepen democracy within the system as a whole and
at institutional level.
- The governments commitment in coming up with programs intended
to alleviate (eradicate)
- There remain a huge population that deserves social security
and services through social grants still out of the system.
- The majority of South Africans struck by poverty and deserving
governments social security interventions are African, which
is a constituency that we mostly represent.
- There exist a sizable number of female led households with carry
the heavy burden of raising families as opposed to the male counter
- The two major governments programmes intended to address income
poverty which are income grants and public works programmes.
- The legislative limitations for accessing foster care and grants
in Aid for families taking care of children and people in need.
- The limited
- The desegregation of education and access to institutions of
higher learning has helped bridged the racial divide that was
a product of the old apartheid establishment.
- Through structures of student governance such as SRCs in tertiary
institutions and such structures as SGBs in primary and high schools,
we have been able to democratise education and broaden the participation
of local communities in education.
- The establishment of structures of popular participation and
governance is part of the building of organs of peoples power
and therefore need to be consolidated
- That if we can build the prerequisite internal policy capacity
within SASCO to interpret and together act in one direction with
our government, we are likely to advance and deepen democracy.
- That we have the necessary potential to be a force in defense
- The full impact of the governments poverty eradication programmes
will only be realized when everyone eligible is registered.
- While the ANC led government has done a lot in terms of opening
access for all, there are however some weaknesses with regard
- The transformation of the curriculum is not fast enough to deal
with the major challenges of dismantling the legacies of apartheid.
- The restructuring in institutions of higher learning has dealt
a heavy blow and reduced the bargaining strength of public sector
workers, therefore affecting productivity.
- Lack of information on bursaries and funding for students keeps
a lot of students out of the system, thus contributing to the
rise in crime levels.
- There are however, some opportunities, especially because there
is a very strong unionised and progressive sector in the country,
which is at the implementation end of the programmes of the government.
- There is a threat of terrorism and acts such as those claimed
and attributed to the Boeremag are just a symptom of some underlying
reactionary tendencies by the right wing against our government
and our ANC has not taken it to itself to skill and equips its
cadres on the military field.
- Joblessness has forced most young people to join the security
forces of the country, not driven by patriotism, so they do not
take it as a responsibility to safeguard the interests of the
country let alone the progressive values for which this government
- That the government must encourage the participation of young
people especially in the security forces of the country to help
deal with the threat of country revolution from within.
- That there must be a conscious programme that will be guided
by a ten-year to train progressive academics who will in turn
be utilised to give the service of teaching a progressive outlook.
- That the bursaries currently offered to students must be increased
to cover some of the areas which poor students in particular cannot
afford, such as housing and day-to-day sustainability of students.
- That through councillors in local communities the ANC must be
able to reach to the people and inform them about some of the
funding that does exist for students who cannot afford fees especially
in institutions of higher learning.
- That all activists of the movement must in one way or the other
be active in structures such as School Governing Bodies because
consciously these structures can be utilised to practically advance
the goals of the National Democratic Revolution.
- The public sector must be strengthened as one of the key instruments
through which the ANC government can deliver effectively.
|NB: Work in Progress !!!